SCI和EI收录∣中国化工学会会刊

›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (9): 1222-1229.doi: 10.1016/j.cjche.2017.06.027

• Catalysis, kinetics and reaction engineering • 上一篇    下一篇

Transesterification of palm oil to biodiesel using Brønsted acidic ionic liquid as high-efficient and eco-friendly catalyst

Yaoyao Feng1, Ting Qiu1, Jinbei Yang1,2, Ling Li1, Xiaoda Wang1, Hongxing Wang1   

  1. 1 School of Chemical Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108, China;
    2 School of Ocean Science and Biochemistry Engineering, Fuqing Branch of Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350300, China
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-12 修回日期:2017-06-27 出版日期:2017-09-28 发布日期:2017-10-11
  • 通讯作者: Xiaoda Wang,E-mail:xdwang@fzu.edu.cn E-mail:xdwang@fzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21576053), the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province (2016J01689), and the Young Teacher Education Research Foundation of Fujian Province (JAT160056).

Transesterification of palm oil to biodiesel using Brønsted acidic ionic liquid as high-efficient and eco-friendly catalyst

Yaoyao Feng1, Ting Qiu1, Jinbei Yang1,2, Ling Li1, Xiaoda Wang1, Hongxing Wang1   

  1. 1 School of Chemical Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350108, China;
    2 School of Ocean Science and Biochemistry Engineering, Fuqing Branch of Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350300, China
  • Received:2017-01-12 Revised:2017-06-27 Online:2017-09-28 Published:2017-10-11
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21576053), the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province (2016J01689), and the Young Teacher Education Research Foundation of Fujian Province (JAT160056).

摘要: The transesterification of palm oil and methanol catalyzed by Brønsted acidic ionic liquids was investigated. Four eco-friendly Brønsted acidic ionic liquids were prepared and their structures were characterized by NMR, FT-IR and TG-DTG. The results demonstrated that[CyN1,1 PrSO3H] [p-TSA] was more efficient than the other ionic liquids and chosen as catalyst for further research. The influences of various reaction parameters on the conversion of palm oil to biodiesel were performed, and the orthogonal test was investigated to seek the optimum reaction conditions, which were illustrated as follows:methanol to oil mole ratio of 24:1, catalyst dosage of 3.0 wt% of oil, reaction temperature of 120℃, reaction time of 150 min, and the biodiesel yield achieved 98.4%. In addition, kinetic study was established for the conversion process, with activation energy and preexponential factor of 122.93 kJ·mol-1 and 1.83×1015, respectively. Meanwhile, seven-time recycling runs of ionic liquid were completed with ignorable loss of its catalyst activity. The refined biodiesel met the biodiesel standard EN 14214.

关键词: Brønsted acidic ionic liquid, Biodiesel, Palm oil, Transesterification, Kinetic, Optimization

Abstract: The transesterification of palm oil and methanol catalyzed by Brønsted acidic ionic liquids was investigated. Four eco-friendly Brønsted acidic ionic liquids were prepared and their structures were characterized by NMR, FT-IR and TG-DTG. The results demonstrated that[CyN1,1 PrSO3H] [p-TSA] was more efficient than the other ionic liquids and chosen as catalyst for further research. The influences of various reaction parameters on the conversion of palm oil to biodiesel were performed, and the orthogonal test was investigated to seek the optimum reaction conditions, which were illustrated as follows:methanol to oil mole ratio of 24:1, catalyst dosage of 3.0 wt% of oil, reaction temperature of 120℃, reaction time of 150 min, and the biodiesel yield achieved 98.4%. In addition, kinetic study was established for the conversion process, with activation energy and preexponential factor of 122.93 kJ·mol-1 and 1.83×1015, respectively. Meanwhile, seven-time recycling runs of ionic liquid were completed with ignorable loss of its catalyst activity. The refined biodiesel met the biodiesel standard EN 14214.

Key words: Brønsted acidic ionic liquid, Biodiesel, Palm oil, Transesterification, Kinetic, Optimization